Most Nations are making a strong step towards industrialization and more economic success. This requires more and more natural resources to be invested into. One such material is wood, which is used as a raw material in many industries such as furniture, chemical and mechanical industry. This hunger for wood causes companies to resort to deforestation, as industry requires a constant supply of this material, the only way to do this is deforestation as it is the only means of a reliable and constant supply of wood.
However, this causes tremendous damage to the environment as it destroys habitats, and also destroys a way of life for the locals which live in the region, who have learned to adapt to their environment, and because of this they too are losing their homes and their source of food (the forest is a habitat for many animals which the natives feed.) This is only the local point of view, the global point of view is that these trees take in the carbon di-oxide released by the burning of fossil fuels, because there is less CO2 being absorbed, there is that is being output by the industries, which adds to the green house effect, global warming.
South Africa’s View on the topic:
South Arica has always been supportive towards a greener future and to ‘improve the quality of life’. This is a very important point as South Africa values the importance of a greener tomorrow. South Africa understands that it is the moral thing to do as, the forest depletion to the destruction of animal habitats and also hampers the livelihoods of native. Global warming will melt the polar ice cap and will result in even a greater problem to the world, so we have to do our best to slow it down or if possible prevent it is by reducing carbon emissions, so South Africa supports the measure to combat the depletion of forests. However, South Africa also understands that reducing the amount of trees cut will damage business and therefore we have to get out a solution to give businesses the wood they need but also reduce the forests they cut.
Solutions to the problem:
South Africa understands that wood will never become obsolete as it is not only used as fuel but also as a raw material for chemical processes and also in the much needed production of paper. So South Africa thinks that a combined solution is requires, i.e. we need to cut down on wood that is being used as fuel, thus reducing the amount of wood cut down and reducing forest depletion, and to keep balance of the wood used, companies must be made to plant trees on the same areas and the trees have to be the same type, therefore preserving the ecosystem and habitat for the wildlife. The businesses should also employ natives to help them cut down the wood and not completely rely on machinery as this will create new jobs and therefore reduce the unemployment levels, this will also help in the sense that these natives may get a chance to send their children to proper schools where they can be educated with the money they get.