Impact of ITC on society

“The practice of working on a computer in one place (normally from home) that is linked via communication technology to the company’s central office where messages and data can be transferred”

Advantages

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Travel costs – As there will be little need for the teleworker to commute to and from the office, this will thankfully reduce the expenditure on travelling arrangements, whether it is via car, train, bus or another means of transportation, and especially for those with children.

Avoiding the rush hour – When Teleworking it is common that the person Teleworkers from home, although this may often not be the case. This means that the need to commute to and from work is non-existent, and sitting at home instead of being in the traffic will be a very big relief. Occasionally there may be times when you are called into the office for some specific reason, although not every teleworker stays at home 5 working days a week.

Childcare problems – The problem of who takes care of your children whilst you are at work will also no longer be a problem. As the Teleworker will spend most of the time at home, they are able to work and take care of their children. Again this minimalists expenditure, and helps the teleworker with other unnecessary arrangements.

Not only are there advantages for the employee but also if the employer decides that they are going to implement Teleworking they have the following advantage:

Saves money – With all of the employees Teleworking the company has no need for an office, with this in mind there is little need for the company to own and rent an office space. Not only does it saves costs on rent bills but also on provisions, such aspects as desks, chairs, space, heating, car parking space. As well as canteen food, and beverages, which are consumed on a daily basis.

Disadvantages

Well although there may be many advantages to both the employee and the employer when Teleworking, there are also many disadvantages. The disadvantages for the employee include:

The lack of socialisation – With so many of the employees working away from the office, and in a confined area, there is little chance to meet new people through their line of work. This is why the people who Telework often do not have the chance to socialise. One of the best places for socialisation is in fact the office, here you will meet new people and will manage to make many friends, so when working at home the process of socialisation is smaller, and the less people you will get to know.

Finding the correct atmosphere to work in – When working at home one of the most essential aspects is to establish an area where you can work efficiently, an area that is quiet and can be set up for your Teleworking needs, i.e. desk and other relevant furniture. A lot of Teleworkers surprisingly have extensions built to their homes so that they can Telework in their own little environment away from all the hassles at home.

Distractions – Although it is correct to find the correct environment in which to work there will still always be distractions. Whether it is people outside your house digging whilst laying new phone lines or your own young children when they return from school. Here it is important to adjust to the environment and make sure that any little distraction does not distract you. There will always be time to see your children; this is why many Teleworkers take a couple of hours off of work when their children return from school.

For the employer there are also draw backs, this includes:

Productivity – Although now a day’s computers are capable of monitoring how much progress is made whilst Teleworking, it still gives a small indication of the actual progress. Employers are concerned with how much progress the employees are actually making. The only way they can keep an eye on them is in the office, as they are not in the office the only way that the employer can monitor employees is by the progress of their work. They can also use this with the indication from the computers to determine who is the most successful of the Teleworking employees.

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