ICT in the Wider World

ICT is nowadays a huge and imperative part of our society, it is used in shops, schools and businesses; it is used for communication; Handling Data; the manufacture of products and documents, and for recreation. Without ICT our society, environment and lives would not function properly, and everything would fall to pieces. In businesses and workplaces ICT has had a major effect on the employment of staff. A workplace or business now may only need a handful of staff to help operate and maintain the computer-controlled warehouses or robots.

Also robots can replace the common human skills that people have to offer, for example: the printing industry, product lines, and multiple choice exam markers. Humans no longer occupy all these jobs and many more, as computers and robots offer a cheaper, quicker and more efficient service or product, in the long term. Although with all this developing ICT, there have been many new careers opened, for many people. Computer technicians, programmers, web designers and systems analysts are just some of the new jobs that have been made available because of ICT; old jobs have also been changed.

Things like secretaries using word processors instead of typewriters, jobs being ‘de-skilled’, allowing people like graphic designers use computers instead of a pencil and pad. ICT has opened many opportunities for jobs and businesses, but also in schools, for public services and call centres. When communicating with other people we take for granted how much computers have to do with it. Whether sending a text or fax, or making a phone or video call computers are involved somewhere down the line.

The telephone network has many uses for communication, as its name suggests it allows us to make calls from a landline to anywhere else across the world, and send Fax’s, it is also what the internet runs off, and as the telephone line allows us to call people all over the world, it also allows us to e-mail, video conference and chat via the internet as well. A mobile phone is something that almost everyone has, it can be used almost anywhere, it can send text messages (SMS), pictures (MMS) and also surf the Internet (WAP).

But without ICT none of these things could function. A mobile phone is part of a network, if you want to send information through any of the means above, or even make a call, the information you input into the phone is sent to a satellite, their base station, and then sent to the other device. The signals are radio waves, but the base station is where ICT is used; it has to decipher all of the information and then send it back out, and it is not just dealing with one at a time, more like thousands.

Computers have become a way of life, not only in the way we work and communicate but also in recreation where they are used to play games individually or with millions across cyberspace. Computers are now becoming so advanced that they can become part of games consoles and be used separately from a ‘standard’ computer to create very advanced and highly capable platforms, such as the PS3 and Xbox 360. These systems though are still capable of communication and interaction through the Internet and Wi-Fi. And as technology advances computers can only be integrated further into our life.

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