All athletes need nutrition in order to compete at the highest level of their sport, or even to compete at all. In this nutrition energy is needed. Energy is required to maintain body functions such as breathing, muscle contractions, growth and repair. Energy required depends on basal metabolic rate and level of activity. Basal metabolic rate is how fast energy is being used and depends on age, gender and physique. I will be comparing the diets of an endurance athlete (Mo Farah) and a power athlete (Stevan Ridley).
Endurance Athlete – Mo Farah
Obviously he will need all the basic food groups to help him perform at a high level. What I mean by this is that he will need the minerals, vitamins, fibre and obviously the water. Endurance athletes need a very precise diet to compete at the highest level. This diet will consist of mainly of carbohydrates and fats. This is to give them the required energy supply they need to run the whole distance at a constant high speed. Carbohydrates are the principle source of energy and contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Being a runner of up to 10,000 meters Mo will need a lot of slow releasing energy to let him perform at this level constantly. He will also need fats. Fats are a concentrated source of energy used as an energy source at rest and during low intensity exercise. Again, this will give Mo the sufficient energy he needs. Some examples of the foods that he could eat would be rice, pasta, potatoes and nuts.
Power Athlete – Stevan Ridley
A power athlete is an athlete that can perform maximal strength and maximal speed at the same time. A perfect example of this is Stevan Ridley, who is a NFL player for New England Patriots. Again, like Mo he will need all the essentials such as minerals, vitamins and water. As well as these as he is a power athlete he will need a lot of proteins and also some carbohydrates for energy when performing. For sake of remembering, carbohydrates are the principle source of energy and contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. These will give him the energy to last the whole game. As well as carbohydrates Stevan will need to eat a lot of protein. Protein is a complex group of amino acids (building blocks) containing foods used for growth and repair. These will allow his muscles to improve and repair quicker. This will improve his strength and overall power, meaning he can compete to a better ability. Power is a massive part of American football. The foods that Stevan could eat would be things such as pasta, meats, eggs and fish.
Obviously there is a difference between the two diets. An endurance athlete needs a lot of carbohydrates and fats whereas the power athlete need a lot of protein to improve their strength. Endurance athlete such as Mo would not need a lot of carbohydrates as their sport is revolved around energy and to get energy they would need the fats and carbohydrates. All in all, both athletes would need carbohydrates to provide them with energy, however the main difference is the demand for the different food group. This would be fats for endurance athletes such as Mo Farah and protein for athletes such as Stevan Ridley.